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The Amerindian period starts from the origins of Prehistory until contact with the Old World in 1555, with the arrival of the brothers Pinzon on the coast of Guyana. This definition applies to all of South America and the West Indies. It is characterized by Amerindian migrations between the West Indies and South America and the development of eponymous cultures.
Trying to understand how different settlements have emerged is one of the major goals of archaeology. Basing itself on material data, it provides...