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A Middle Neolithic necropolis in Fleury-sur-Orne
A team of Inrap archaeologists is currently excavating a 20 hectare site in Fleury-sur-Orne. This work, curated by the State (Drac Basse-Normandie) is taking place in advance of the construction of habitation zones by Normandie Aménagement and the Caen-La-Mer agglomeration.
They have uncovered a large necropolis from the Middle Neolithic (4500 BC) containing around twenty funerary monuments, including one still intact burial mound.
These monumental graves, the first of this type, are called “from Passy” after the eponymous site in the Yonne Department. These big, elongated monuments are delimited by trenches that are sometimes associated with a palisade. They surround a burial mound containing the tomb of prestigious persons. In contrast to earlier traditions, these funerary monuments suggest the emergence of a new social hierarchy.
In Fleury-sur-Orne, around twenty monumental tombs have been identified by the archaeologists. Their size and morphology is varied: from 12 m to 00 m long, surrounded by trenches from 20 cm to more than 15 m wide.
This excavation will soon be followed various analyses – paleogenetic, isotopic, parasitological – in order to learn more about the lineage of these human groups, as well as their diet and the illnesses they suffered.
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